Teaching Steps for SEFC Book 2A
一: Teaching periods. 5 periods
Period 1: Warming-up, Listening & Speaking
Period 2: Pre-reading & Reading
Period 3: Reading & Post-reading
Period 4: Language study
Period 5: Integrating skills
1. Words and Expressions
话题 1. Talking about art and architecture
2. Talking about architecture and their works
3. Talking about works and art
4. Talking about preference
architecture, architect preference, design, furniture, taste, sofa, honey, modern, convenient, block, apartment, style , old-styled, stand , passage, ugly, construct, construction, steel, concert, impress, roof, balcony, fantastic, create, seashell, sail, stadium, net, nest, belong, paint, aside, rent, development
act as, fill up with , set aside
功效 偏爱(preference) I wouldn’t feel happy if ----
I ‘d rather---- I am much more interested in ---
I prefer something that--- I like seeing something ---
I am not very interested in--- I don’t get very excited about ----
In my opinion---- I really prefer---
What I like is --- I can’t stand-----
If you ask me , then---
We noticed the mailbag carried onto the train.
Everyone was surprised to see the buildings finished so soon.
Please keep me informed of how things are going .
They were happy to hear the work already done.
They wanted their buildings constructed in a way to look unnatural.
Frank Lloyd Wright found himself inspired by Japanese seashells.
I think I will have the walls painted yellow.
Period 1：Warming up, Listening & Speaking
Step 1. Greetings and warming-up
Greet the students as usual.
Ask the Ss to talk about their hometown and their houses.
Qs: where are you from, a city or a small town?
Can you describe the buildings in your hometown?
What kind of buildings do you live in, a traditional house or an apartment?
Show students two pictures, a tall building and a traditional yard.
T: what can you see in the two pictures?
What is the difference between them?
(When the Ss describe the pictures, remind the students to think about the differences in the two pictures. The students may have different opinions. Encourage them to think out reasons as many as possible. They may have a discussion.)
Block of flats Traditional house
The rooms are big.
Every flat has a toilet and bathroom.
Not much contact with their neighbors.
People often feel lonely.
The rooms are small.
Sometimes no toilet or bathroom.
Life is much more interesting. Neighbors get on well with each other. People can grow flowers in the yard.
The roof is sloping.(why?)
T: In which house would you prefer to live? Why?
S: I like living in ….because….
I prefer living…
I’d rather live…
The students should tell others their reasons to support their choices. For example, living in the small house makes me feel warm. I like making friends with my neighbors. It looks like a big family. Encourage them to express their ideas freely.
T: Buildings in the different places are different. So what words and phrases do you think will be useful when you want to talk about art and architecture?
Show the students some different kinds of houses , ask them to describe them.
Collect their answers.( appearance: high, low, great, The palaces were large and beautiful, and they often looked like something out of a fairy tale.；materials: brick, stone, steel ,glass, wood…)
T: If you were free to design your own dream house, what would that house look like? What materials would you use? Explain why you made certain choices about your dream house?
Architect: one who designs the construction of buildings or other large structures.
Give the students enough time to discuss the question. Collect their answers.
Step 2 Speaking
Books open, page 18. Ask the students to listen to the sample dialogue and follow the tape. Study the useful expressions. Remind them to learn the structure how to express their preferences.
Practice. Ask them to look at the pictures and choose the item they prefer. Try to explain the reasons.
Two tasks: One is to talk about traditional and classical furniture. And the second task is choosing a picture to decorate their room.
T: In your dream houses, are there any chairs?
(Show some chairs) which one do you like? Why?
When they answer the question, encourage them to use expressions in the following table. A moment later, ask them to act out their own dialogue.
A: which do you like better, classical chairs or modern chairs?
B: I prefer modern chairs.
B: In my opinion, modern chairs are lighter and more colorful. They are comfortable.
Step 3 : Preparation for listening
T: You have already designed your own dream house , it is time to buy some furniture. What kind of furniture will you buy? And why do you prefer them?
Have a short discussion in pairs. You can introduce names of furniture, such as heater, air-conditioner and so on.
Step 4. Listening.
Books open, Page 18, listening part. It is a talk between a young married couple, Danny and Amy and a shop assistant.. They want to buy some furniture for their new house. Ask the students to go though the exercises and make sure what to do.
Play the tape twice for the students to listen and finish the exercises by themselves. They may check the answers in pairs.
Then play it a third time for the students to check their answers. Check them with the whole class in the end.
1.Decorate your bedroom and classroom. And talk about your decoration.
2. Find out about the history of art and architecture, names of artists and architects, famous buildings and works of art in the world as much as possible. Share the ideas with others.
Period 2&3: Reading
----Enjoy pictures of both modern architecture and classical architecture
T: We’ve really had a wonderful tour around the world last time, seeing the marvelous architecture home and abroad, modern and classical. I hope you enjoy that… but I wonder if all of you can recognize some of the most famous architecture.
2.Brainstorming or guessing game
---Name the pictures: Sydney House; the Eiffel Tower; the Temple of Heaven…
Q: Among all of these pictures, which ones are different from others? Or you may say which ones belong to modern architecture.
Q: How do you know which ones belong to modern architecture? What’s the difference between modern architecture and classical (ancient) architecture?
T: If you want to know more and to enjoy the beauty of modern architecture, you’d better join us, as we are going to have a new journey, the journey to the world of modern architecture.
1. Fast- reading
----Find the difference between modern architecture and classical architecture in the text.
Q: what’s the difference between modern architecture and classical architecture?
Modern architecture Classical architecture
Materials Steel, iron, glass… Stone, brick, wood…
Characteristics Huge; like boxes; unfriendly Beautiful, closer to nature
Q: What kind of materials is used? What other materials do you know?
Q: What’s the characteristic? How do people feel towards modern architecture?
----Find out the information according to the key words
Q1: When was modernism invented? -----1920s
Q2: How many architects are there in the text? ---Antonio Gaudi/ Wright
Q3: Where were they from? ----Spanish/ American architect
Q4: What did Gaudi want to be used in his works? What’s the characteristic of his architecture? How is his architecture like?
----Natural materials/ like a dream, full of fantastic colors and shapes.
Q5: What inspired Wright? ----Japanese seashells
Q6: How many examples are there in the text?
----The Opera House/ the new Olympic Stadium
Q7: How do they look like? ----Seashell/ nest
Q8: Why do we call the 2008 Olympic Stadium in Beijing” the Bird’s nest”?
Q9: What do they (two architects / two examples) have in common? ---Nature
----While listening, pay attention to the key points in the text.
1. Task 1: Interview (group work)
2. Task2: Design (group work)
--- Design the architecture of a new school.
---Report four elements: what kind of materials is used? / Why do you design in this way? / How do the architecture look like? / What’s the style?
1. Exchange designs with your classmates and exhibit them.
2. Report what you have learned about modern architecture next time.
Period 4: Language study
Step 1, Lead-in
T: Hello, everybody, yesterday we have seen a lot of wonderful modern architectures and got to know some famous architects. Today I’d like to introduce you one of my friends. He is an architect. Who can tell me the meaning of “architect”. (a person who designs buildings). He lived in this house when he was young. Do you think this house beautiful or not beautiful? (not beautiful) Can you use another word to replace “not beautiful”. (ugly). So when he became an architect, he designed some pretty houses. Not long ago he designed a new house for me. Let’s go and see my new house.
Step 2, Vocabulary
T: Welcome to my new house. Could you say something about my new home?
T: I’m not alone here, because I have two neighbors. Do you know who are they and where they live? (nest, dog house)
T: Let’s learn some new words of house.
(balcony concrete nest brick roof)
Try to remember these new words, then fill in the blanks.
an area with a wall or bars around it, joined to the outside wall of a building ________________.
A strong construction material which is a mixture of stone, and sand and water _________________
a shelter made by a bird to hold its eggs and young ____________
the structure on the top of a building to keep the rain out_________
Step 3, Word Study
1. preference. n.偏爱,优先
He has a preference for tea to coffee.
Wine or beer? Which is your preference?
in preference to 优先于,喜爱甚于
I choose the small car in preference to the large one.
2. furniture n.家具的总称,不行数名次
a piece of furniture 一件家具
We had little furniture.我们险些没有什么家具.
3. style n.气势派头,式样,作风,文体
You had better change your style of living .你最好改变一下生活方式.
in style :流行的,豪华的
out of style 不再流行的,过时的
4. stand vt. 忍受,经受,肩负;后接名词,代词,动名词
I can’t stand my poor English.我不能忍受我的破烂英语.
I can’t stand being looked down upon.我不能忍受被别人看扁.
5. construct vt. 制作,建设
They are planning to construct a bridge over the river.他们计划在这条河上建桥.
construction n.制作,建设 be under construction 在建设中
The airport is under construction.飞机场正在建设中.
6. impress vt. 铭刻, 给---极深的印象
The book impressed a lot of people.那本书在许多人心中留下了深刻的印象.
impress something on somebody或impress somebody with something 使某人铭记某事
My father impressed on me the importance of work.父亲要我铭记事情的重要性.
7. act as 饰演,继续
A trained dog can act as a guide to a blind man.经过训练的狗可以给盲人充当向导.
He acts as manager. 他担任经理.
8. despite prep 不管, 掉臂;相当于in spite of ,但比力正式.
He came to the meeting despite his serious illness.他掉臂重病照旧出席了聚会会议.
9. set aside 储蓄,保留,(暂时)把---放在一边
Let’s set aside our personal feelings. 我们先暂时抛开小我私家的情感.
I have set aside some money for this journey.
10. A is to B what C is to D 这是一个句型.A对B而言正如C对D一样.
A nest is to a bird what a house to a man.
Who can tell me the meaning of this sentence?
Water is to fish what air is to men.
Fur is to a fox what the _____is to a banana.
____are to a house what words are to a text.
An architect is to ____________ what a painter is to art.
A ___ is to a boat what an engine is to a car.
A ____ is to a fisherman what a gun is to a hunter.
Arms are to the body what _______ are to a tree.
Step 4, Grammar
T: I’m very glad that you like my new home. Our new school is far away from the downtown, so a new market is being built near our school. I’ll guide you to the market to see what you can do there.
show the Ss the picture and ask them to describe it.
--What can you see in the market?
--Let’s see what can we do here?
Give examples: I can have my hair cut here.
I can have my bike mended.
Ask the Ss to make similar sentences.
T: in all these sentences we use a sentence pattern-“have something done”.
Now let’s see the pairs of sentences, and compare A and B.
A: I can have my bike mended
B: I can have the car waiting for me.
A: I found myself tied to a tree.
B: I found myself walking in a forest.
Watch more sentences on page 22.
Examine all the sentences carefully, and find out when we use –ing form and when we use –ed form.
→ passive voice: -ed
active voice: -ing
Look at the pictures, can you find out another difference between –ing form and –ed form.
Let’s do some exercises.
Did you find the city done?
When will he ever get the work greatly changed?
She can’t make herself called.
Next week I’ll have my bedroom understood.
You’ve got to keep the door locked.
I got the watch repaired.
She heard her name decorated
I don’t want any bad words____(say) about him behind his back.
Please get the work____(do) as soon as possible.
I’ll have the materials_____(send) to you next Monday morning.
She won’t have her long and beautiful hair____ (cut) short.
You should make your voice______(hear).
I want you to keep me_________(inform) of how things are going with you.
The rent sounds reasonable. How would you like it________(pay).
At last I succeeded in making myself__________(understand).
We’ll move to the new school, and four people will share one room. There will be a competition on decorating your room. The most beautiful and most special room will he the winner. Now work in groups of four to design your room. Five minutes later the group leaders should give a simple report. And pay attention to use –ed form in your report. Here are some phrases to help you:
Step 5, Homework
1.Workbook page 97, exercises 1-5
2.Workbook page 98, exercises 1-2
Period 5: Integrating skills
Step 1. Revision:
( Talk about new house decoration to revise the grammar: have… done)
--- Dear class, I’m especially happy these days, because I’ve just bought a new house. It’s very beautiful. Look, here it is. I want to share my happiness with you. So would you like to help me design my house? How should I decorate my room? Please discuss it and give me some advice, OK?
--- You should have your walls painted white.
--- You had better have … done.
A few minutes later, call out some pairs to report their design. >
--- Ok, which group will give me good suggestions?
--- Thank you very much! You’re good designers. I’ll decorate my room according to your design.
Step 2. Lead-in
( Talk about how to deal with the old house.)
--- Now after I finished decorating the rooms, I moved into my new beautiful house. But what should I do to deal with my old house? Should I pull it down? No, I don’t want to do that. Anyway it’s so lovely a house. Should I let it stand empty? No, not a good idea. I want to give it a second life. What shall I do? Please discuss again in groups and this time give me advice on how to deal with the old house.
< Ss discuss and give advice. >
--- Wow, you have so many wonderful ideas! I think I like to change it into a beautiful teahouse and I can rent it to somebody else since I am too busy to run it myself. And thus I can give my old house a second life. Thank you very much! Would you like to come in and have a cup of tea in my teahouse some day?
Step 3. Fast reading on “ Factory 798 ”
--- Thank you for your ideas to give my old house a second life. And the same story goes with another old factory which is no longer used in Beijing. It is the famous place called “Factory 798”. Has anybody ever heard of that? If no, let’s open our books and read the passage on Page 23. Try to find out: “What is Factory 798? ”
< Ss fast reading for a few minutes. >
--- Who has found out the answer?
→ an old army factory ; an arts centre;
Step 4. Careful reading
--- Now let’s get some detailed information about Factory 798. Please read the second paragraph of the passage carefully again and find out:
--- What was Factory 798 like?
→ huge factory halls of bricks
→ small round windows that remind you of ships
→ bent roofs
→ 20-foot high walls of glass
More questions on the screen to guide the reading:
1.When was Factory 798 built? Who designed it? Who built it?
2. Why is it very different from Chinese architecture?
--- We’ve known that Factory 798 was built in 1950s. As time went by and things developed, what happened to it then?
→ no longer used/ needed
→ stood empty
--- What has happened to it now?
→ turned into an arts center
3. How did Factory 798 turn into an arts center?
4.Why was Factory 798 welcomed by painters, music bands, artists and musicians?
Step 5. Listening and reading
--- Now, let’s listen to the tape and get a better understanding of the text. Please follow the tape in a low voice and pay attention to the pronunciation of the new words and phrases which you’re not sure of. At the same time, please try to find out the following new language points in the text and see how much you can understand them in English.
< Show the language points on the screen. >
1.pull down 2.stand 3.with… aid 4.remind … of 5. set aside
Step 6. Retelling
--- Now it’s time for you to read the text by yourselves and try to summarize the text. That is to say, suppose you are a journalist from CCTV 9 and you’ve just paid a visit to the famous Factory 798. Please make a TV program to introduce Factory 798 to our citizens in your own words. I’ll give you three minutes to read through the text by yourselves and get prepared for the retelling, OK?
Step 7. Discussion
--- In almost every city around the world, there are old buildings which are no longer used, such as schools, hospitals, factories or even churches. What do you think people should do with them? Why?
→To pull down the old buildings and set up new modern ones to keep up with the pace of the society.
→New uses should be given to old special buildings. It’s a great way to save the architecture from the past.
Step 8. Writing.
--- Since we all agree that giving the old special buildings new uses is a great way to save the architecture from the past, now it’s time for you to have a practice and show your ability. You know our school is moving to the new campus now and the old campus will be left empty then. Suppose you are young painters, artists, musicians, and you can rent some parts of the school building to practice. How do you want to change the school buildings? What new uses can be given to the old school buildings? Please work in groups and make a plan about it.
Step 9. Homework.
1. Finish the program about Factory 798 as a TV reporter.
2. Finish your plan about how to reuse our old school buildings.
In this unit you have learnt about art and architecture. How comfortable do you feel doing each of the skills below?
The things I can do Evaluation
I can understand and read about art and architecture. 5 4 3 2 1
I can describe buildings and works of art. 5 4 3 2 1
I can tell the differences between traditional architecture and modern architecture. 5 4 3 2 1
I can express my preferences in English. 5 4 3 2 1
I can draw and talk about floor plans of a building. 5 4 3 2 1
I can use the past participle as the object complement. 5 4 3 2 1
I can remember and use the new words and expressions in new situations. 5 4 3 2 1
Unit three summary
unit3 Art and architecture
21. ---I prefer western food. It’s a kind of healthy food.
--- But western food is said to be high in sugar and fat .
A. Is that right? B. How do you know that?
C. Do you really think so? D. Who told you that?
22. The food was so ______ that the child couldn’t help tasting it.
A. smelly B. invited C. interesting D. inviting
23. _____the high price, demand for these cars is very high.
A. Because of B. In spite of C. In case of D. Thanks to
24. I’d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than a room with others.
A. to share B. to have shared C. share D. sharing
25. My father served in the army in when he was in _______.
A. 1950’s; twenties B. the 1950’s; his twenties
C. the 1950’s; the twenties D. 1950’s; the twenties
26. He tried to go away without being noticed by his employer but luck _____ him.
A. went with B. went against C. went over D. went along
27. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _______ in the kitchen.
A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked
28. The teacher couldn’t make himself attention to because the students were so noisy.
A. to pay B. to be paid C. paid D. pay
29. It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so stood_____ to her mother.
A. close B. closely C. closed D. closing
30. The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2010 is strongly impressed _______ my memory.
A. to B. over C. by D. on
31. I got the story from Tom and people who had worked with him.
A. every other B. many others C. some other D. other than
32.---What’s that terrible noise?
---The neighbors _______ for a party.
A. have prepared B. are preparing C. prepare D. will prepare
33. Give me an undisturbed hour and I’ll see to the work Tom ______ unfinished.
A. will leave B. is leaving C. has left D. had left
34. There’s ____ cooking oil left in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get ____?
A. little; some B. little; any C. a little; some D. a little; any
35. Everything into consideration, they ought to have another chance.
A,little b, any c, much d, some
Trees are useful to man in three very important ways. They provide him with wood and other 1 ; they give him shade; they help to prevent drought(干旱)and 2 .
Unfortunately, in many 3 of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is 4 important.
Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to 5 warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It gained the empire, but, 6 its trees, its soil became hard and 7 . When the empire fell to 8 ,the home country hound itself faced by floods and starvation.
Even where a government realizes the importance of a plentiful supply of trees, it is difficult for 9 to persuade the villager to see this. The villager wants wood to cook his food 10 ; and he can earn money 11 making charcoal or selling wood to the townsman. He is usually too lazy or too careless to plant and look 12 new trees. So, unless the government has a good system of control, or can 13 the people, the forests will slowly disappear.
This does not only 14 that the villagers’ sons and grandsons have 15 trees. The results are even more serious; for where 16 are trees, their roots break the soil up-allowing the rain to sink in-and also bind(结合)the soil, thus preventing its 17 washed away easily, but where there are no 18 ,the rain falls on hard ground and carrying 19 with it the rich top soil, in which crops 20 so well. Well all the topsoil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.
1．A. uses B. products C. production D. result
2．A. floods B. soil C. air D .sunlight
3．A. corner B. part C. place D. parts
4．A. the most B. the more C. most D. much
5．A. set B. build C. put D. organize
6．A. with B. by C. on D. without
7．A. poor B. fine C. beautiful D. pretty
8．A. break B. unite C. bits D. pieces
9．A. it B. them C. he D. they
10．A. with B. by C. on D. 不填
11．A. with B. of C. by D. to
12．A. after B. for C. at D. out
13．A. ask B. educate C. want D. remove
14．A. mean B .refer C .know D. realize
15．A. a few B. fewer C. a little D. little
16．A. they B. we C. here D. there
17．A. been B. being C. is D. was
18．A. water B. trees C. soil D. air
19．A. away B. off C. with D. by
20．A. come B. grow C. get D. turn
There must be a great many of people who didn’t 1．
go to university, even if they want to ,since they 2．
couldn’t afford the time off work; they had their family 3．
to support or, if they were women, they have to stay 4．
at home in order to look after their children 5．
As the opening of the Open University in January, 6．
1971, people in Britain are now able to take university 7．
degree despite(尽管)these difficulty, for the courses 8．
are specially designing so that you can study at home 9．
In this way many people’s dreams have come in true. 10．